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Tally ERP 9 Release 6.4.8 | Tally new Update

Tally ERP 9 Release 6.4.8

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If you are looking tally training than Join CBitss technologies. Cbitss Provides Best Tally training in chandigarh sector 34. For more details visit our website.



Best php training in Chandigarh – PHP training institute | Cbitss Technologies

CBitss technologies provides best php training in Chandigarh based on current industry standards that helps attendees to secure placements in their dream jobs at MNCs. CBitss  provides best php training in Chandigarh. CBitss is one of the most credible php training institutes in Chandigarh offering hands on practical knowledge and full job assistance with basic as well as advanced level PHP training courses. At CBitss  PHP training in Chandigarh is conducted by subject specialist corporate professionals with 7+ years of experience in managing real-time PHP projects. CBitss  implements a blend of aPHPemic learning and practical sessions to give the student optimum exposure that aids in the transformation of naive students into thorough professionals that are easily recruited within the industry.

At CBitss ’s well-equipped php training in Chandigarh aspirants learn the skills for A brief history of databases, Relational database concepts, Creation of database and required tables using PHPMyadmin, Inserting Qualities into Tables, PHP Training on continuous undertakings alongside PHP position preparing. PHP Training in Chandigarh has been designed as per latest industry trends and keeping in mind the advanced PHP course content and syllabus that are based on the professional requirement of the student or individual and also helping them to get placement in Multinational companies and achieve their career and goals.

CBitss  is the biggest PHP training institute in Chandigarh with high tech infrastructure and lab facilities and the options of opting for multiple courses at Chandigarh Location. CBitss  in Chandigarh prepares thousands of aspirants for PHP at reasonable fees that is customized keeping in mind training and course content requirement of each attendee.

PHP training course involves “Learning by Doing” using state-of-the-art infrastructure for performing hands-on exercises and real-world simulations. This broad hands-on involvement in PHP preparing guarantees that you assimilate the learning and aptitudes that you should apply at work after your situation in a MNC.

CBitss technologies is one of the best php training institute in Chandigarh with 100% placement support. CBitss  has well defined course modules and training sessions for students. At CBitss  PHP training is conducted during day time classes, weekend classes, evening batch classes and fast track training classes.


Professional Computer Courses After 12th IN CHANDIGARH

After high school, you can opt for the following IT courses.     


CBitss technologies offers Best Android Training in Chandigarh with top level Corporate Trainers.  CBitss technologies is a leading Industrial training institute in Chandigarh.We give best learning condition to real specialized course at sensible cost. The best Android App Development training institute in Chandigarh offers the best technical IT training for the regarding course. We provide basic and advanced level Android App Development Training in Chandigarh with proper practically knowledge at CBitss technologies.


Web Designing Training in chandigarh – Web Designing is the process of building websites. This incorporates format outline, markup, text styles, pictures, content and responsive utilities. In IT Sector, Web Designing with UI. User Interface Development is one the most requesting course with greatest openings for work.

CBitss Technologies Provides Best Web designing Training in chandigarh as per the current industry standards. Our readiness ventures will engage specialists to grapple courses of action in MNCs.. CBitss Technologies Is one of the most recommended Web designing Training Institute in chandigarh that offers hands on practical knowledge / practical implementation on live projects and will ensure the activity with the assistance of development level Web planning Training Courses. At CBitss Technologies Web designing Training in chandigarh is conducted by specialist working certified corporate professionals having 8+ years of experience in implementing real-time Web designing projects.



PHP training in Chandigarh delivered by CBitss technologies, Chandigarh. We submit IT trainings in perspective of corporates benchmarks that encourages understudies to  prepare for endeavors. CBitss technologies offers best PHP training in Chandigarh, CBitss technologies is one of the best outcome arranged PHP Training Institute in Chandigarh, offers best for all intents and purposes, test information in PHP training in Chandigarh. At CBitss technologies, PHP training is led by 15+ years of involvement in overseeing continuous activities. CBitss technologies Chandigarh is giving fundamental and propelled level of PHP Training in Chandigarh,mohali with live activities with 100% career oriented help with top corporations.


CBitss Technologies provides Best Cloud Computing training in Chandigarh based on current industry standards that helps attendees to secure placements in their dream jobs at MNCs. CBitss Provides Best Cloud Computing Training in Chandigarh. CBitss is one of the most credible Cloud Computing training institutes in Chandigarh offering hands on practical knowledge and full job assistance with basic as well as advanced level Cloud Computing training courses. CBitss implements a blend of Cloud Computing Mic learning and practical sessions to give the student optimum exposure that aids in the transformation of naive students into thorough professionals that are easily recruited within the industry.


English speaking course in chandigarh Discover the world of English Pro, an English Speaking Institute which is committed to make English learning more accessible through their widespread institutes across Chandigarh. We help students to raise their ‘ English dialect aptitudes and enhances the talking, perusing and composing abilities.

At our Chandigarh center we introduce you to a world full of boosted confidence by mastering the English language. Give our master workforce a chance to enable you to end up a specialist in the dialect with faultless language structure and vocabulary.


Why Do We need to Take up Android Training

Objective of the course

Let us learn why we need to take up android training, firstly we begin by explaining all the components and libraries provided by Android Training in Chandigarh to develop applications  that will run on the latest mobile devices that have this operating system installed.


Course Duration

Technical Training and Certification

Introduction to the Android platform. Fundamentals of Android programming.

Android Structure

System architecture. Licenses. User interface. Menus. Menu options and dialog menus. Dialogues. Event processing. Button, keyboard and motion events. Notifications. Notification bar, Clock Display. Styles and themes. Views. Object view. 2D and 3D graphics. Draw with Canvas and OpenGL. Resource Files. Android Manifesto. Name of the application, method of execution, definition of Main Activity. XML Formats. Alias resources and internationalization. Substitution of resources using the Alternative option. Concepts of security, security, and permissions. Components of the application. Intentions and filters of intentions. Roles of intentions. Link with Applications. Implicit and explicit intentions. Activities Life Cycle. Content providers. Service life cycle. Broad Cast Receiver Storage. Introduction to I / O files. Preferences. Save and read application data. SQLite. Use SQL in the database. Communications.

Network protocols (HTTP, TCP / IP). Packages and Bluetooth. Android. Bluetooth package. Wifi. Android WiFi Package. External devices and managers. GPS. GPS sensor package. Sensors. Sensor pack. Multimedia. Audio. Video. Use media files. Testing. Framework Junit. Automated testing. Native code. JNI. Script language (ASE). Introduction to NDK. External devices and managers. GPS. GPS sensor package. Sensors. Sensor pack. Multimedia. Audio. Video. Use media files. Testing. Framework Junit. Automated testing. Native code. JNI. Script language (ASE). Introduction to NDK. External devices and managers. GPS. GPS sensor package. Sensors. Sensor pack. Multimedia. Audio. Video. Use media files. Testing. Framework Junit. Automated testing. Native code. JNI. Script language (ASE). Introduction to NDK.

Android app publishing

Application management. Versions. Save the version to the manifest file. Private Key Generation. Use the key tools to create private keys. Map API registry key. Using Map View. Distribution of the application. Firm. Signature of file apk. Upgrade. Automatic update from Android Market by version.

Android Support Features

Development functions. Eclipse. Android Development Tools Plugin (adt). File diagnosis with Layoutopt. Editing images with Draw 9-patch. Creating apk files with Android Asset Packaging Tool (aapt). Definition of interfaces with different layers with Android Interface Description Language (aidl). SQLite with sqlite3. Converting class files to dex files with dx. Optimization of apk files with zipalign. Debugging functions. Android Emulator. Android Virtual Devices (AVDs). Show file hierarchy with Hierarchy Viewer. Dalvik Debug Monitor Server (DDMS). Android Debug Bridge (adb). Tracer Android apps with Traceview. Create an SD card image with mksdcard. UI / Application Exerciser Monkey. Android command for AVD and SDK management.

We at Cbitss technologies provide Android training in Chandigarh at sector 34 A, we implement all the latest software that are being used presently with the help of the most experienced teachers who have more than 5 years of experience, the students will be able to learn by working on live projects. If you would like to know more, please visit our office at SCO 23 24 25, Sector 34A.


IELTS test preparation tips

IELTS test preparation tips

Are you doing the IELTS Test Preparation? Then you should read this tips all at once IELTS test preparation.

You know it’s a good thing, but if you do not know then that these 4 parts (Listening-Writing-Reading-Speaking) test is taken in IELTS.

IELTS Test Preparation Tips For Its All Parts :

IELTS Test Preparation Tips For Listening module:

In this, you have to listen carefully first, the ideas you have heard will have to be interpreted, here you will need full attention. You will hear the recording once and you will have to answer the question carefully and answer it.

First and foremost, you need to increase your familiarity with Spoken English to get the Listening Skill Improve, it is better to read and understand the passage better and understand it better. To hear the sound, you will have to deal with spoken English, spoken English By learning your pronunciation correctly, you will improve by learning the language like native speaker.

Your friendship with Spoken English depends on the exposure to it, the more correct pronunciation and accent you like native speaker, the more you will be familiar with Spoken English and your listening skills will improve.

Give more importance to learning the correct pronunciation, use the dictionary to improve the pronunciation.

It would be better for you to use the talking dictionary, because it will be easy to learn the correct pronunciation of words, remember the maximum vocabulary, because if you do not know the meaning of words, and when you listen to the recording, then its cribs do not answer You will not be able to understand.

IELTS test preparation tips


To improve the Listening Skill, you have enough options like …

1. English Song

This will improve your listening skills, if you are a beginner now, it will be difficult for you to understand the word of song. But the time will be easier for you to understand this.

One of the best ways to learn this is that when you are listening to English song, then you can read the lyrics of the song, you can find lyrics of the song on the internet, listening to the English song, and reading along with its lyrics, not just your Spoken English will increase communication but your listening skills will also improve.

2. English Movies

Watching movies is very helpful in improving listening skills, listening to movie dialogues is a great way to improve listening skills. Quali movies look at you very carefully and interested and learn in an informal way.

3. English News

Tuning in to English News on regular routine additionally assumes an essential part in enhancing listening abilities, Newscaster will articulate each word unmistakably and effectively, tuning in to news will enhance your listening, listen daily to TV or radio, in the beginning you will It will be difficult to understand this but it will be easy for you to spend time ‘practice makes mans perfect’.

4. Mutual conversation in english

Discussions will help you improve your speaking and listening together, it will give you an opportunity to speak and listen in English, discuss different topics with your classmate and friends, this will benefit you very much.

IELTS Test Preparation Tips For Writing module:

Writing on event, topic, situation is an art and it can be developed from training and practice.

Writing skills depend on your creativity, inventiveness, style of expression, your own observation, your accuracy in grammar, selection and collection of ideas and right from the thoughts. If you are in Chandigarh & Searching IELTS coaching in Chandigarh then  English-pro is best Place to learn IELTS ..

Creativity means to create and organize new ideas above the subject and situation, in a nutshell to expand the facts in a nutshell. You will be given a subject and a situation which you may know somewhat, depending on your creativity power, The fact that you know and the thoughts that are coming in you How to use it, shape it, and how to properly write (write) on the paper, the relationship between creativity provides your observation power, the situation that provides the source of creativity, according to the observation of ideas and linked with the collection.

You will be given a topic and situation, which you will know somewhat, depending on your creativity power, the fact that you know the facts And what are the ideas within you, how to utilize it, shape it, and how to properly write it on paper. The relationship of creativity is your observation power, the situation that provides the source of creativity, according to the ideas Linked with overview and archive

Creativity is related to your observation power, the situation that provides the source of creativity, according to which it is linked with observation and collection.

It is very important to properly shape expression and style of expression for good writing skills, the style of expression is a good way of presenting your thoughts to your reader.

The reader should easily understand his ideas in such a way that the sentence should have a proper relation and continuity, what is the correct sequence of sentence like what to write first and what to write later, this skill should develop us, effective writing For the good style of expressing, the correct sequence of sentence is very important.

IELTS coaching in Chandigarh


List of IELTS test preparation tips :

The paragraph should have a special structure, the first line of the paragraph will hold the entire paragraph or center of the subject and further explain the central theme of the other. The first line of paragraph will start with a little space from the left of the page and the paragraph The second line of the page will start from the beginning and from the beginning, the paragraph will hold on the idea of ​​similar Ideas and similar Ideas, always remember this point before writing the paragraph.

The first line of the paragraph will start with a little space from the left of the page, And the second line of the paragraph will start from the left of the page and start from the beginning, the paragraph will hold on the same ideas and explanations of the same ideas, the combination, always remember this point before writing the paragraph.

Make a good outline for writing a detailed tool. When you are given a topic, try writing out the first outlines and brief notes, later to write a comprehensive essay, expand the outlines with more explanation.The quality of writing is not congenial, but it can be developed from training and practice. Try to write on a different topic. In the beginning, writing a simple essay would be a joke but the command to write different things will come.

Select one of the best topics in this topic and whatever you think about that topic in your mind, whatever you want, write it on the paper, your writing ends and then read it, then think again in this What to add so that it can improve further.

IELTS test preparation tips  For Reading module:

1. Practicing Similar Passages

There are many books which will have such passages for practice, you can also find it on the internet, you will have to read the passage and then answer the questions given below, which will be the book to be read, This kind of practice will help you greatly in the preparation of the test, it will also correct your attitude of reading your passage and answering questions, it will teach you how to read the passage and how to respond Sector O.

Read the maximum passage and practice its questions and answers in it, this is the best way to get success in reading module.

The best way to practice this is to read carefully the passages and try to answer it without seeing the correct answer to the questions given in it and check with it later, unless you prepare your own answers to the given questions. Do not look at the correct answer to it, it will tell you about your mistakes and you will get a chance to improve your mistakes.

Reading tips:

2. Effective Reading

Performance depends on how much you read text in your reading.

Reading means not just reading words but there is a purpose behind it, and that purpose is what the writer wants to explain to his reader, understanding that whole idea and sentence, will be called effective reading, effective reading will give you the right picture of the passage .

Most students have the habit of reading only Cursory, they only read the sentence, but what does it do to stop them from understanding the meaning, because of which they can not answer the questions right from Passage.You will have to adopt a effective reading method instead of cursory reading, and it will require your full attention, interest and concentration.

3.General Reading

To improve this skill, magazine, journals, newspaper, general books, good essays are a major contributor, it provides unofficial opportunities for the development of your reading and reading skills.

It does not necessarily require much attention in reading, but it is also true that you have to take full interest in it, due to this you will be able to read easily and quickly, the benefit of this reading is that you will not feel like that time After a long time you will realize its benefits.

IELTS test preparation tips  For Speaking module:

Speaking module will assess your English pronunciation, fluency, grammatical accuracy, meaning that you have to focus on the development of all these things.

There are many ways to improve the fluency, start talking on different topics of one way, select the topic and start talking about it, even if you are sitting alone in the room and there is no one to hear you there, Many people think of you sitting in front of you to listen to you, and you are giving your speech in front of them, talk about the topic as much as you can, your repeated doing this will improve your fluency. .

Another way to improve your fluency is to take part in an English discussion with your friends, if you are a student, it is very easy for you to participate in the discussion on some topics.

A common problem that prevents you from communicating in English, and he does not talk in shyness, mostly in English-speaking, because he has a rate that he will do some mistakes and people will criticize him. Abandon shyness and begin to speak. The person who learns by making mistakes, you will not be able to teach anything without fault.

The correct pronunciation of words is very important. To learn the correct pronunciation, you can take help of the dictionary. You can use the spoken dictionary. It is possible that you can learn not only by reading but also by listening, seeing and hearing daily English news. It can also be a poem.

Speaking in your grammar is also very important part, and it will be developed only by practice, in speaking you will have less time for writing and thinking than writing.

By speaking in English and by taking into account the importance of grammar at that time you can get the command over it.

In this module of IELTS you will be asked about yourself, family background, interests, hobbies, introduce yourself in part 1, how you should introduce yourself and answer the other questions.


In Part 2, you have to speak above the subject, and you will be given 1 minute to prepare for it, create outlines or notes about the topic, which will help you to speak in detail in the given topic, it will also help you in part 3 will help you discuss the issues related to part 2 of them. Read more at –  6 Most Occurring Mistakes in IELTS Writing Task.



HRM Development

Human Resource Management and Development – HRM Notes

Objective :-

  • Introduction To Human Resource Management.
  • Meaning of Human Resource .
  • What is Human Resource Development (HRD)? .
  • Importance of Human Resource in Management .
  • Definitions of Human Resource Planning – HRP .
  • Objectives of Manpower / HR Planning .

 Introduction To Human Resource Management

Each business unit requires Human Resources (manpower) for the conduct of various business activities. In fact, without the support of human resources, an organization can not efficiently exist or operate. Such human resources include top-level managers, officers, supervisors and other subordinate / lower level employees / employees.A business organization will have to assess the manpower requirements of their future and accordingly, adjust their manpower planning and development programs. It is called Management’s ‘Staffing’ function. Human resources management has also been described as personnel management or manpower management.

According to Edwin Flippo, “Personnel management is planning, organizing, directing and controlling the people’s procurement, development, compensation, integration and maintenance for the purpose of contributing in organizational, personal and social goals.”

Human resource management

Meaning of Human Resource

In an industrial unit, a large number of people are employed to operate different operations and economy. This human resource or manpower is employed. A business unit requires physical resources as well as human resources for various types of operations. In management all the “M” S (such as materials, machines, methods and wealth) stands for the most important “M” men, working in the organization, manpower. It is through manpower / staff that all other elements of enterprise-money, machines, materials, marketing etc. are managed. In essence, Human Resources (Human Resources) is the most important and most productive resource of Industrial / Business Unit.

It is said right that “machines are important in the production process but the man behind the machines is more important”. It turns life into useful products. Human Resources (HR) is a valuable asset of a business entity. Well trained, the faithful and skilled workers of the workers bring success and stability to a business unit.

It suggests the importance of human resources in the business. People and organizations in which they work, are interrelated and interdependent. Organizations only move towards prosperity through their available human resources, in the same way, employees get different monetary and other benefits through their organization’s prosperity.

What is Human Resource Development (HRD)? 

Human resource  improvement (HRD) implies creating labor accessible through proper strategies, for example, preparing, reputation, travel and open door for profession advancement. HRD programs make a team of well-trained, skilled and competent managers and subordinates. Such a team constitutes an important property of an enterprise.An organization is mainly different from the other due to the work done by those people (employees). Peter F. According to Drucker, “Prosperity, if any business does not exist then depends on the performance of tomorrow’s managers.” Human resources should be cherished and used for the benefit of the organization.

Definitions of Human Resource Planning – HRP

1. Coleman has defined the Human Resource Planning as “the means to determine the human power requirements and the means to meet those requirements to meet an integrated plan in the organization”.

2. Steiner defined the “Manpower Scheme for the acquisition, utilization, improvement and protection of the human resources of the enterprise”. It is related to determining the job specifications or the number of required personnel and establishing the quantitative requirements of jobs for the development of manpower resources.

Objectives of Manpower / HR Planning

  1. To ensure optimal utilization of currently employed human resources in the organization.
  2. According to the requirement of renewal, modernization, expansion and development programs, to determine the future manpower requirements of the organization.
  3. To determine the recruitment level.
  4. To ensure that available human resources are available when available.
  5. To assess future housing requirements.
  6. To prepare the basis for management development programs so that necessary talent can be developed between selected employees.


More information Join CBitss Technologies . CBitss Provide best HR training in Chandigarh Sector 34 . 


Accounting Introduction

Introduction to Accounting

Objective :-

  • What is accounting?
  • What is the importance of accounting?
  • Definition of accounting
  • Accounting rules and rewards

Accounting :-

Accounting is a process that involves understanding, recording, summarizing and reporting the business’s financial information, which makes it easier to make decisions in terms of financial statements.

 Advantages of Accounting :-

Advantage of the following accounting –

1) By accounting we can understand that there is a profit or loss in a particular period.

2) We can understand the financial position of business

  • There are so many properties in business
  • How much is the loan on business.
  • How many capital is there in business

3) Apart from this, keeping accounting can understand the reasons for the profit or loss of business.

With the benefits given above, we easily understand that accounting is the business’s business.।

Definition In Accounting :-

While learning accounting , we have to use certain words regularly. So first we understand the meaning of these words –

1) Goods: – Goods are bought and sold mainly in the business. For example – in a grocery store there are soaps, oils good. Depending on the purchase of profits and the sale of goods.

2) Assets: – Assets are valuable things that are necessary for business and business wealth. For example – Building, Weekel, Machinery, Furniture.

3) Liabilities: – Liability is given to business by others. For example – loan taken from the bank, purchase of goods on credit.

4) Capital: – Capital is the capital invested by the business owner. It is in the form of a capital cash, goods or assets. When this capital is invested by the business owner, then according to the business, this capital is also a liability.

5) Debtor: – The business which has to take a certain amount of money, is called Debtor.

6) Creditor: – Those who have to pay certain amount to our business are called creditors.

7) Business Transaction: – A financial event that is related to business and whose impact falls on the financial position of the company. For example – Selling goods on the purchase, salaries and credit of goods.

8) Cash Transaction: – Transactions that are made in cash are called cash transactions.

9) Credit Transaction: – The transactions that are done on the transaction credits are called credit transactions.

10) Account: – Account is a statement of any transaction, which affects any assets, liabilities, income or expense.

11) Ledger: – The laser is a book in which all accounts of personal, real or nominal are held, which are in the journal of the journal or assistant.

Types of Accounts:-


1) Personal Accounts: – Accounts of all individuals, societies, trusts, banks and companies are personal accounts. For example – Rahul A /c, Gayatri Sales A / c, Subodh Traders A / c, Bank of Maharashtra A/c.

2) Real Accounts: – Real accounts include all Assets and Goods account. E.g. – Cash A / c, Furniture a / c, Building A/c

3) Nominal Accounts: – All the income and expenses related to the business fall under the nominal account. Eg – Salary A/c, Rent A/c, Commission A/c, Advertisement A/c, Light Bill A/c

Golden Rules of Accounts :-

While transancing, we have to decide on a debit or credit side. Here are the following rules:

Personal Accounts:- Debit : The Receiver or Debtor Credit : The Giver or Creditor

Real Accounts: Debit : What comes in Credit : What goes out

Nominal Accounts: Debit : All Expenses & Losses Credit : All Incomes & Gains

Double Entry System of Bookkeeping:

Each transaction affects two businesses in two ways. for example,

  1. Bought in Goods Cash – Goods are coming into this business in this transaction but     at the same time cash out of business is going out.
  2. Dutta sold on good credit to traders – Goods in this transaction are going out of business and at the same time Datta traders become debtors of our business.
  3. According to the double entry system – While recording all such business transactions in the account, there are two aspects: Debit aspect (giving) and Credit aspect (giving).

CBitss Technologies is the best place that provides Accounting courses in Chandigarh. CBitss  Technologies is located in the beautiful city of Chandigarh. Chandigarh is the center of education, so many students from different places or states come to study and make their career bright.

Features of Tally ERP 9

Tally training in Chandigarh

New features in Tally ERP 9 have been included –

Remote Access:

Tally ERP 9 provides the ability to access data via remote from anywhere. The user creates remote user IDs from this scrawl, authorizes and removes access to remote access.

NET (read as Tally.NET)

Tally.NET creates a favorable environment by default, which works backwards to facilitate various services based on the Internet. Each Tally EAP9 is enabled for this .NET service. Tally.Net offers the following services / capabilities – Tally.NET FEATURES:

  • Creating and maintaining a remote user
  • Remote access
  • Remote Center
  • sport Center
  • Synchronization of data through Tally (.NET)
  • Product Updates and Upgrades
  • Simplified Installation process

Tally ERP 9 comes with a new upgraded installer, which allows the user to configure different settings from the same screen as per the requirements.

Control Centre

  • Control Center This new feature has been included in the Tally ERP 9. This utility interfaces differently between the installed telly and the user. With the help of the control center you –
  • Can make a student with the predetermined security level
  • Centrally Tally ERP 9 can manage and configure
  • Surrender on the site, Confirm or Reject
  • Can maintain account related information

CBITS Technologies provides Tally training in Chandigarh. This is a professional course that is useful for existing Tally users who already work on the Tally, also enhances their talent skills. Tally courses in Chandigarh are also for students going to college and professionals working in the field of accounting and finance.


How to use MS word

MS Word

MS Word 2010 is an application software used to create text based documents like letters, SA, statements, reports. Also in Word you can send the letter to many addresses at the same time for the marketing purpose. You can also create web pages in MS Word.

MS Word is used as a word processor.

MS Word

MS Word

Window of  MS Word 2010 looks like –

Office Element :

1) Title Bar:

This word is located at the top of the window. It displays the name of the documents you are currently working on. On the right side of the title bar, there are buttons for Minimize, Maximize / Restore and Close. And there’s a quick access toolbar in the left side.

2) Ribbon:

Ribbons have come in the earlier version of the menus and toolbars. It has tabs to browse specific tasks related commands. Next to this tab are divided into groups.

We can also hydrate this ribbon, right click anywhere on this ribbon, right click on the Minimize the Ribbon button, or click on the Ride Side Minimize the Ribbon (Ctrl + F1) button. Hiding the ribbon gives you more space to work. Click the Expand the Ribbon (Ctrl + F1) button to unhide the ribbon again.

Ribbon Contains Three Main Parts –

i) Tabs – These tasks are oriented and are located at the top of the ribbon. For example, Home, Insert, Page Layout, etc.

ii) Groups- Each tab is further divided into all Tasks. For example, the Home tab is divided into Clipboard, Font, Paragraph, Styles, and Editing Group. Each group has a small arrow in the right side, which is called Dialog Box Launcher. Additional options are available upon clicking on it.

iii) Command Buttons – These buttons are relative to each group. For example, Font Group includes the Bold, Italic, Underline, etc. commands buttons.


Tabs That Appear Only When You Need Them

In addition to the above tabs, there are other types of tabs here too. But they appear when you are doing tasks related to them.

Contextual Tools :-  When you are working on an object and when you select that object, you will see this tab.

3) File Button:

This button is in the left corner above the word window. This button has a command button such as New, Open, Save, Save As, Print and Close.

4) Quick Access Toolbar:

In the right side of the Office Buttons, there is Quick Access Toolbar, which contains buttons for the items that are always used. E.g., Save, and Undo or Redo buttons. To add more buttons to this toolbar, click on its small side of the ride side.

5) Zoom Slider

It has a Zoom slider on the status bar in the right corner of the window. Click on the plus or minus button to view the document’s different zoom sequence.

6) Document View Buttons

The left side of the Zoom Slider has the Document View buttons. You can click on any of these to see your document in Print Layout, Full Screen, Web Layout, Outline or Draft.

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Menu In MS Word 2010:

1) File :

The commands in the File menu are:

  1. a) Save (Ctrl + S): This command is used to save the document. When you click on this command, a dialog box appears below.

File Name: Here you can name the file.

Save As : Here the file format is a list, in which the file is saved. By default, the Word Document format is selected here, in which the document is saved in Word format 2010.

If you want to save in the old version, then select the Word 97-2003 format.

If you want to save this file in PDF format, then select PDF.

If you want to save this file in web page format, select web page.

Tools : This button is in the left side of Save. There is an additional option to save the document in it. Here you can set the password to protect your document.

b) Save As:

If you want to save the CREATE file by another name or in another format, then use the Save As command.

c) Open (Ctrl + O):

This command is already open to open the CREATE document file. When you click on this command, a dialog box opens, giving you the path to your file. Then click on the Open button.

d) Close:

Use this command to close open Microsoft  Word closed open files.

e) Info :

It contains the following information related to the current document –

i) Product Activation: contains information about the license of Office 2010.

ii) Permission: You can set a password here to protect your file from other users. But remember that if you forget this password you can not retrieve this password.

f) Recent: 

Here is a list of previously opened document files, clicking on which you can open those files immediately.

g) New (Ctrl + N): 

This command is used to create a blank document. Along with this there are many templates too.

h) Print (Ctrl+P): 

This command is used to print the document. There are options for this –

i) Print: Clicking on this button will send the file to print.

ii) Copies: From here you can decide how many prints of this document are to be printed.

iii) Printer: Here is the list of printers installed on your PC, from which you have to select the printer.

iv) Settings: Here, you can decide which pages of this file are to be printed.


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Models of Human Resource Management

Models of Human Resource Management (Part II)

Models of Human resource management

Now, we discuss about some models of human resource management.

The Guest Model:

It was produced by David Guest in 1997 and cases to be much better than different models. This model claims that the HR supervisor has particular methodologies in the first place, which request certain practices and when executed, will bring about results. These results incorporate social, execution and money related. (See Above Figure).

The model underlines the consistent arrangement of six parts i.e. HR procedure, HR rehearses, HR results, Behavioral results, Performance results and Financial results. Looking conversely, money related outcomes rely upon representative execution, which thus is the consequence of activity situated worker practices. Social result are the aftereffect of worker duty, quality and adaptability, which thusly are affected by Hr hones. HR  should be thus with HR systems which are constantly lined up with hierarchical methodologies.

The Warwick Model:

This model was produced by two scientists, Hendry and Pettigrew of college of Warwick (consequently the name Warwick display).Like diverse models, the Warwick suggestion rotates around five segments (See Figure):

External Context (full scale natural powers):

  • Inner Context (firm specific or micro environmental forces)
  • Business Strategy Content
  • HRM Context
  • HRM Content

This model takes awareness of business technique and HR rehearses (as the Guest Model), the outside and inner setting (not at all like the Guest Model), in which these exercises happen, and the procedure by which such changes occur, incorporating collaborations between changes in both setting and substance. the quality of the model is that it recognizes and orders critical ecological impacts on HRM. It maps the association between the outside and natural factors and investigates how HRM adjusts to changes in the specific situation. Clearly, those associations accomplishing an arrangement between the outer and inward settings will accomplish execution and development.

Storey Model – Hard HRM – Soft HRM (1989):

Hard HRM:

  • Individualistic
  • rejection/marginalization of industrial relations
  • dismissal of contrasts of perspectives amongst chiefs and workers – these are thought to be comparable
  • emphasis on gaining work efficiencies
  • sharp financial focus

Soft HRM:

Stresses the human aspect of the firm. Key points of this approach are:

  • Workers viewed as exploitable assets.
  • more of concern with the employee’s views
  • emphasis on employee relations
  • employee involvement and commitment encouraged
  • Humanistic edge of thinking
  • development of core employees

Best Practice Model – Johnson (2000):

Johnson (2000) points of interest,” the best practice or the superior work hones are depicted as HR strategies and frameworks that have widespread, added substance and beneficial outcomes on authoritative execution.”

The definition identifies with the way that the prescribed procedures that the association utilizes, each will add to the past, along these lines intensifying the subsequent execution of the association. This model depends on universalism. The presumption behind this model is – an arrangement of practices went for high responsibility or elite will profit entire association paying little respect to setting.

Elements of Best Practices (Pfeffer – 1998):

  • Employment security / Job security
  • Sophisticated selection / Selective thinking
  • Teamwork and decentralization
  • High wages linked to organizational performance
  • Extensive training
  • Narrow status differential
  • Communication and employee involvement

Patterson’s Model of HRM:

HRM practices can improve organizational performance by:

  • Increasing employee skills and abilities
  • Prompting positive attitudes and increasing motivation

Giving workers broadened obligations, with the goal that they can make full utilization of their aptitudes and capacities

Above elements give a premise to deciding ‘great’ or ‘high’ execution HRM rehearses.

Best Fit/Contingency Model:

  1. Contention – “HR methodologies turn out to be more effective when it is connected to its encompassing setting or condition of the business.”
  2. There are two components in this model:
  3. Outside Fit – the fit is connected to activity technique/promoting procedure and so forth that is, the aggressive system of general business. Schuler and Jackson (1987) built up the association between upper hand, representative practices and practices.
  4. Interior Fit – HR strategies and practices must be coherent.Approaches which work reverse path should be kept up a key separation from. For example, enabling participation anyway remunerating joint effort.

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Human Resource Management

What is Human Resource?

Human Resource is utilized to both the general community who work for an organization and company .The term HR was first instituted in the 1960’s when the estimation of work relations started to collect consideration and when thoughts, for example, inspiration, hierarchical conduct, and determination evaluations started to come to fruition.

Human asset administration is a contemporary, umbrella term used to portray the administration and advancement of workers in an association. Additionally called faculty or ability administration (despite the fact that these terms are somewhat obsolete), human asset administration includes supervising everything identified with dealing with an association’s human capital.

Human Resource


Because of the numerous regions of human asset administration, it is run of the mill for experts in this field to have particular mastery in at least one territories. Only a couple of the related vocation titles for HR ( Human Resource ) experts include:

Preparing advancement master

  • HR supervisor
  • Advantages authority
  • Human asset generalist
  • Business administrations director
  • Remuneration and employment examination expert
  • Preparing and improvement director
  • Selection representative
  • Advantages advocate
  • Faculty investigator


A Closer Look at Human Resource Management

Human asset administration includes creating and overseeing programs that are intended to build the viability of an association or business. It incorporates the whole range of making, overseeing, and developing the business representative relationship.

For most associations, offices, and organizations, the HR office is in charge of:

  • Overseeing work enrollment, choice, and advancement
  • Creating and managing worker advantages and wellbeing programs
  • Creating, advancing, and authorizing faculty approaches
  • Advancing worker profession advancement and occupation preparing
  • Giving introduction projects to new contracts
  • Giving direction with respect to disciplinary activities
  • Filling in as an essential contact for work-site wounds or mishaps

Human asset administration is about:

Tending to current worker concerns: Unlike organization directors who administer the everyday work of representatives, HR (Human Resource) offices manage worker concerns, for example, benefits, pay, worker ventures, annuity designs, and preparing. Their work may likewise incorporate settling clashes between representatives or amongst representatives and their directors.

Securing new workers: The human asset administration group initiates potential representatives, regulates the enlisting procedure (individual verifications, tranquilize testing, and so on.), and gives new representative introduction.

Dealing with the representative partition process: The HR administration group must finish a particular arrangement of undertakings if a worker stops, is terminated, or is laid off. Printed material must be finished to guarantee that the procedure was finished legitimately. Severance pay might be offered or arranged, benefits must be settled, and access to organization assets must be separated by means of the accumulation of keys, identifications, PCs, or touchy materials from the worker.

Enhancing confidence: Effective HR ( Human Resource ) groups urge organization workers to give a valiant effort, which adds to the general accomplishment of the organization. Their work frequently includes compensating representatives for good execution and making a positive workplace.


The Changing Shape of Human Resource Management

Human asset administration includes both vital and exhaustive ways to deal with overseeing individuals, and in addition working environment culture and condition.

The part of HR experts is to guarantee that an organization’s most critical resource—its human capital—is being sustained and upheld through the creation and administration of projects, arrangements, and methodology, and by encouraging a positive workplace through powerful representative boss relations.

The idea driving human asset administration is that representatives who are liable to powerful human asset administration can all the more adequately and gainfully add to an organization’s general course, along these lines guaranteeing that organization objectives and targets are refined.

The present human asset administration group is in charge of significantly more than customary work force or managerial undertakings. Rather, individuals from a human asset administration group are more centered around increasing the value of the key usage of representatives and guaranteeing that worker programs are affecting the business in positive and quantifiable ways.

An August 2014 Forbes article investigated the moving objective of the present human asset administration groups. All the more particularly, the article found that HR groups concentrated on things that don’t increase the value of the association are regularly regarded responsive, uncreative, and lacking essential business understanding. Then again, HR experts who need to be perceived as obvious business accomplices must consider themselves to be representatives who have some expertise in HR, not as Human Resource individuals who exhort a business.

Todays’ HR directors/business accomplices must comprehend the workings of the business and have the capacity to serenely talk the dialect of business pioneers with a specific end goal to have a deliberate and demonstrated effect on business targets.


The Agenda of Today’s Human Resource Management Team

The present HR administration group must concentrate their endeavors on five, basic territories, as indicated by the Forbes article:

Characterize and adjust authoritative reason: An organization‘s workers must have the capacity to plainly explain why the organization exists keeping in mind the end goal to accomplish a reason driven, practical, high-performing association. Workers should likewise see how their endeavors interface, or adjust, with the association’s motivation.

Enroll the best ability by making, promoting, and offering an Employee Value Proposition (EVP): False showcasing and misguided judgments around an association are a portion of the principle reasons why the business representative relationship comes up short. In this manner, organizations must make, market, and offer an EVP that is valid and exact as to not misdirect potential workers.

Spotlight on worker qualities: Companies must bend over backward to comprehend what hopefuls and representatives do best and place them into parts where they can play to their qualities however much as could be expected.

Make authoritative arrangement: Achievements must line up with the association’s targets in order to fabricate a fruitful and practical association.

Precisely measure similar things: All inner offices and workers must quantify an indistinguishable things from to accomplish a conclusive hierarchical outcome and to guarantee that everybody knows precisely where the association is consistently.

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